Amish

Amish

Total population

227,000 (Old Order Amish)[1]

Founder

Jakob Ammann

Regions with significant populations

United States (notably Ohio, Pennsylvania and Indiana)

Canada (notably Ontario)

Religions

Anabaptist

Scriptures

The Bible

Languages

Pennsylvania German, Swiss German, English

The various Amish (pronounced ˈɑːmɪʃ) or Amish Mennonite church fellowships are Christian religious denominations that form a very traditional subgrouping of Mennonite churches. They are best known for their simple living, plain dress and resistance to the adoption of many modern conveniences. The history of the Amish church began with a schism in Switzerland within a group of Swiss and Southern German Mennonites, in 1693.[citation needed] The leader of the schismatic faction was a Mennonite Elder named Jakob Ammann. Those who followed Amman became known as Amish, or Amish Mennonites.[citation needed] In the early 18th century, many Amish Mennonites emigrated to Pennsylvania for a variety of reasons. Today, the most traditional descendants of these Amish Mennonites continue to speak Pennsylvania German (more often referred to as Pennsylvania Dutch). There are also Old Order Amish communities, especially in the US state of Indiana, where a dialect of Swiss German predominates.[2] Over the years, there have been numerous divisions among the Amish churches. The ‘Old Order’ Amish, an ultra-conservative faction that withdrew from fellowship with the wider body of Amish Mennonites in the 1860s, are those that have most emphasized traditional practices and beliefs. As of 2000, over 165,000 Old Order Amish live in Canada and the United States. A new study, produced in 2008, suggests their numbers have increased to 227,000.[1]

From: Wikipedia



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