Catholicism is a broad term for the body of the Catholic faith, its theologies and doctrines, its liturgical, ethical, spiritual, and behavioral characteristics, as well as a religious people as a whole.[1] Depending on the understanding of the word “Catholic”, it may refer to the doctrine and practice of the Roman Catholic Church, namely the Christians living in communion with the See of Rome.[2] More broadly, it may refer to many churches, including the Roman Catholic Church and others not in communion with it, that claim continuity with the Catholic Church before separation into Greek or Eastern and Latin or Western.[3] Churches that make this claim of continuity include the Roman Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Oriental Orthodox churches, the Assyrian Church of the East, the Old Catholic churches and the churches of the Anglican Communion.[4] The claim of continuity may be based on Apostolic Succession, especially in conjunction with adherence to the Nicene Creed.[5] Some interpret Catholicism as adherence to the traditional beliefs that Protestant Reformers denied, as with the Oxford Movement.[6]

From: Wikipedia

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